Heilongjiang province

Heilongjiang Province is an important agricultural, heavy industry, technology, manufacturing and pharmaceuticals hub in China’s North East.

Population 38,35 million
Area 454,800 km2
GDP USD 232 billion
Capital Harbin

Located in the northeastern part of China, Heilongjiang Province borders Russia to the north and the east across Heilong River and Wusuli River, borders Inner Mongolia to the west and Jilin Province to the south.

A humid continental climate predominates in the province, though areas in the far north are subarctic. Temperatures range from −31 to −15 °C in winter and 18 to 23 °C in summer. The annual average rainfall is 400 to 700 millimetres.

The province's largest cities include Harbin, Qiqihar, Mudanjiang, Jiamusi, Daqing, Jixi, Shuangyashan, Hegang, Qitaihe, Yichun and Heihe.

Heilongjiang map
Heilongjiang Province

Due to it's location, Heilongjiang is a gateway for trade with Russia and a major node on the Silk Road Economic Belt.


Heilongjiang is a major agricultural province with the most arable land reserves, highest grain output, volume of exports and best quality in China. Main crops include soybeans, maize, wheat, potatoes, beets, flax, sunflowers, etc.

Animal husbandry is another large industry, specializing in standardized large-scale cattle and poultry breeding and dairy farming.

Vast forests cover 47% of the total land area of the province, which makes Heilongjiang an important source of lumber, especially Korean pine and larch.

Harbin city
Harbin City

The capital and largest city of Heilongjiang province with population of over 10 million people.

The mineral resources of Heilongjiang province are taking up 37% of all resources found in China and are including petroleum, graphite, coal, gold, platinum, clay, marble, basalt and others.

Science, technology and innovation plays a big role. Harbin Institute of Technology is consistently ranked as one of the top universities in the country and is one of only a handful of universities in the world that have designed, built and launched their own satellites.

China's biggest veterinary medicine, sensor technology, hydropower, thermal power, nuclear power, welding and toughened glass research bases are found in Heilongjiang.

Daqing oilfields
Daqing Oil Field

The largest oilfield in China with the fourth largest oil production in the world.

Due to the province's location, it's a gateway for trade with Russia and a major node on the Silk Road Economic Belt.